Bay of Pigs Invasion
The Bay of Pigs invasion in April 1961, also known as Playa Girón Invasion or the Girón Battle was a military operation in which troops of Cuban exiles, trained, financed and directed by the CIA of the United States of America. They invaded Cuba in order to make a beachhead, form a provisional government and seek support from the OAS and the international community recognition.
The action ended in failure in less than 72 hours, was completely crushed by the Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR) of Cuba. More than a hundred invaders were killed, and another 1,200 captured Cuban, along with significant military equipment.
Eight A-26 planes with Cuban flag on the fuselage, they bombed the military airfields at Ciudad Libertad, San Antonio de los Baños and the Antonio Maceo in Santiago de Cuba, with the result of 5 aircraft destroyed.
The 2506 squad lost three bombers. This was the only bombing that was carried out as originally planned three others were canceled by Kennedy.
The day after the attack Fidel Castro, in an address to all the media, said the socialist and Marxist character of the Cuban Revolution. The Cuban army and the National Revolutionary Militias concentrated their troops for a possible invasion.
The nascent State Security Department of the Cuban Revolution (known as G-2) conducted an extensive raid to detain a large number of potential opponents, which neutralized the counter numerous contacts, particularly in Havana.
The landing is 1200 members in Playa Giron and Playa Larga escorted by their vessels without much resistance. Hours later, the paratroopers are transported inland to expand the area invaded, with the mission to control the three main access roads to the site.
In those first hours of the nascent aircraft revolutionary air force demolished seven aircraft B-26 and put out of combat ships Houston and Rio Escondido near Playa Larga, losing carrying weapons for ground forces.
The regular troops of Fidel Castro are coming gradually to the area, reinforcing the National Revolutionary Militia until then trying to repel the attack.
At the end of the day the brigade ships assailant removed ashore definitely running out of equipment and ammunition, the Houston ran aground and sunk the Escondido River.
Counter starts with the massive use of artillery acquired in the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia. The battered forces of the mercenary brigade to control both access roads to the Bay of Pigs are forced to retreat to the San Blas.
Troops at Playa Larga assailants to their plight by the lack of ammunition, they decide to abandon their positions and go to Playa Giron to join the other members of the brigade. The Cuban army takes control of Long Beach.
The assailants forces have to go back to San Blas Bay of Pigs, the remaining are soon surrounded and surrendered in the early hours of the morning. On the beach, a shortage of ammunition is compounded by lack of air support.
The commander José Ramón Fernández ("Gallego") and Fidel Castro moved to the area of ??conflict and participated in the recent actions, although the end of the fighting was determined.
Fidel Castro lobbied hard for the offense to be accelerated to avoid the 72 hours elapse needed the U.S. Government. UU. to recognize the "provisional government" attempts were made there, in order to prevent direct invasion of the U.S. Navy and Army.
The victory became a huge support for Fidel Castro and the socialist nature of the Cuban Revolution, proclaimed earlier.